First of all, we should know that plateau refers to an area above 3000 meters above sea level, which has obvious biological effects on organisms. Plateau disease is a kind of disease caused by moving from plain or low-altitude area to high-altitude area at that time or within a few days, and it is a syndrome caused by incomplete or unsuitable adaptation to hypoxic environment. So why can’t Gao Fan catch a cold?
When the body is in a sick condition, its own resistance will be weakened, which is especially prone to altitude sickness, especially pulmonary edema. Pulmonary edema at high altitude can rapidly deteriorate and endanger life, which is very serious.
If you quickly enter the plateau above 3,000 meters without adaptation, you will be deprived of oxygen due to low air pressure. Coupled with bad weather, such as wind, rain, intense ultraviolet radiation and heavy physical load, metabolic changes will occur in the human body, resulting in altitude incompatibility. During a cold, the demand for oxygen will increase, and it is easy to lack oxygen at high altitude. If you catch a cold at high altitude, it will aggravate the functional hypoxia of many organs.
Usually, if people with strong physical adaptability have symptoms of altitude sickness, the high probability will disappear within 1~2 days, while people with poor physical adaptability need 3~5 days.
The altitude sickness can be prevented by the following points:
1. Keep a good attitude.
2. Drink plenty of water.
3. Pay attention to cold and warmth.
4. Eat reasonably.
5. Arrange the trip reasonably.